Regional jobless rates vary widely
Eurostat data | Wednesday 04 July 2012
Regional unemployment rates varied widely across the NUTS 2 regions
(1) of the EU27 in 2011, with the lowest rates recorded in the regions of Tirol and Salzburg (both 2.5%) in Austria, Zeeland (2.7%) in the Netherlands and Oberbayern (2.8%), Niederbayern (2.9%) and Freiburg (3%) in Germany, while the highest rates were registered in the regions of Andalucía (30.4%) and Canarias (29.7%) in Spain and the French overseas department of Réunion (29.6%).
On 3 July, Eurostat figures show that, among the regions, 44 had an unemployment rate of 4.8% or less in 2011, half the average for the EU27. They included 16 regions in Germany, ten of the 12 regions in the Netherlands, eight out of nine regions in Austria, four in Belgium, two in Italy and one each in the Czech Republic, France, Romania and the UK. At the other extreme, 17 regions had a rate of 19.2% or higher, double that of the EU27: ten regions in Spain, four French overseas departments and three regions in Greece.
In the EU27 in 2011, the female unemployment rate was slightly higher than the male rate (9.8% compared with 9.5%). This was also evident at regional level, with the female unemployment rate being higher than the male rate in 141 regions, the male rate being higher in 118 regions and the rates being equal in six regions. The female unemployment rate varied between 2.7% in Tirol in Austria and 39.1% in Ceuta in Spain, while the male rate ranged from 2.3% in Zeeland in the Netherlands and Salzburg and Tirol in Austria to 29.7% in the Canarias in Spain.
In 2011, the average unemployment rate for young people aged between 15 and 24 in the EU27 was 21.4%. Regional differences in the unemployment rate for young people are, however, very marked. In the EU27 in 2011, the lowest rates for young people were recorded in the German regions of Tübingen (4.3%), Oberbayern (4.5%) and Freiburg (4.8%), and the highest in Ceuta (65.8%) in Spain and the French overseas departments of Réunion (58.5%) and Martinique (56.8%). In more than three quarters of the EU27 regions the unemployment rate for young people was at least twice that for total unemployment.
The long-term unemployment share (persons who have been unemployed for 12 months or more) stood at 43.1% on average in the EU27 in 2011, and varied significantly across the regions. Thus, in the EU27 in 2011, the lowest shares of long-term unemployed were recorded in Åland (4%) in Finland, Bucuresti-Ilfov (5.3%) in Romania; and the highest in the French overseas departments.
Further information is available at
(1) Level 2 of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), which includes 271 regions