Foreign direct investment
FDI flowing again between EU and rest of world
Eurostat data | Wednesday 13 June 2012
After sharp declines in 2010, EU27 foreign direct investment (FDI) flows more than doubled in 2011. EU27 FDI flows to the rest of the world (outflows) reached €370 billion in 2011, after having shrunk from €316 bn in 2009 to €146 bn in 2010. FDI into the EU27 from the rest of the world (inflows) totalled €225 bn in 2011, after having declined from €234 bn in 2009 to €104 bn in 2010, Eurostat reported, on 13 June.
In 2011, the main destinations of EU investments were the USA (€111 bn), offshore financial centres (€59 bn), Switzerland (€32 bn), Brazil (€28 bn), China (€18 bn) and Canada and India (both €12 bn). A disinvestment of €2 bn was recorded with Russia in 2011.
In 2011, the United States (€115 bn) was the largest investor in the EU27, followed by Switzerland (€34 bn), offshore financial centres (€16 bn), Canada (€7 bn), Hong Kong (€6 bn) and Japan and Brazil (both €5 bn).
Luxembourg, with investments of €110 bn, was the largest investor outside the EU27 in 2011, followed by the United Kingdom (€89 bn), Germany (€34 bn), France (€21 bn), Spain (€19 bn) and Belgium (€16 bn). Luxembourg (€86 bn) was also the main recipient of investments from outside the EU27, ahead of Sweden (€16 bn), Spain (€15 bn), the United Kingdom (€14 bn), France (€12 bn) and Germany (€11 bn). The role of Luxembourg in EU FDI is mainly explained by the importance of its financial intermediation activity.
The EU27 was, in 2011, a net investor in the rest of the world, with outflows higher than inflows by €145 bn.